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Pair of bowl barrows and a saucer barrow 180m south west of Further Plantation: part of Foxholes Brow round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Old Town, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7829 / 50°46'58"N

Longitude: 0.2417 / 0°14'30"E

OS Eastings: 558127.237043

OS Northings: 100542.915897

OS Grid: TQ581005

Mapcode National: GBR MV0.V82

Mapcode Global: FRA C7D0.N0W

Entry Name: Pair of bowl barrows and a saucer barrow 180m south west of Further Plantation: part of Foxholes Brow round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 19 June 1967

Last Amended: 6 October 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019251

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20139

County: East Sussex

Electoral Ward/Division: Old Town

Built-Up Area: Eastbourne

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Willingdon St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a pair of bowl barrows and a saucer barrow situated on a
chalk ridge which forms part of the Sussex Downs. The barrows are part of a
group of six burial mounds constructed along this part of the ridge, forming a
dispersed, linear round barrow cemetery.
The two NNE-SSW aligned bowl barrows have roughly circular mounds measuring
around 11.5m in diameter and up to 0.7m high. The northern barrow has a
pronounced central hollow which contains the remains of a concrete structure,
indicating that the barrow was reused during World War II. Soil excavated from
the mound has been deposited in a low bank to the east of the barrow. Each
mound will be surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the
barrows was excavated. These have become infilled over the years, but survive
as buried features up to 2m wide.
Lying 20m to the north east, just below the crest of the ridge, is a saucer
barrow with a low, central mound around 13m in diameter and up to 0.5m high.
This is surrounded by a shallow ditch from which material used to construct
the barrow was excavated. The ditch has become partly infilled over the years
but survives as a visible depression around 2m wide and 0.4m deep. The ditch
is in turn encircled by a low bank about 4m wide and 0.2m high.
The land between the barrows is likely to contain unmarked contemporary or
later burials, partly buried beneath soil deposited during World War II
activities.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and comprise
hemispherical, sometimes ditched earthen or rubble mounds covering single or
multiple burials. Most examples date from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age (2400-1500 BC). There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows
recorded nationally (many more have been destroyed), occurring across most of
lowland Britain.
Saucer barrows are one of the rarest recognised forms of round barrow, and
take the form of a circular area of level ground defined by a bank and
internal ditch and largely occupied by a single low, squat mound. They are
funerary monuments of the Early Bronze Age, most examples dating to between
1800 and 1200 BC. Very few examples have been recorded to date, most of which
are in Wessex.
The two bowl barrows and the saucer barrow 180m south west of Further
Plantation survive comparatively well, despite some disturbance caused during
World War II, and will retain important archaeological and environmental
evidence relating to the construction and use of the cemetery. The saucer
barrow is one of only a few recorded in the south east.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 274

Source: Historic England

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