Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 50m west of Further Plantation: part of Foxholes Brow round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Old Town, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7843 / 50°47'3"N

Longitude: 0.2402 / 0°14'24"E

OS Eastings: 558011.237821

OS Northings: 100699.352369

OS Grid: TQ580006

Mapcode National: GBR MV0.MKC

Mapcode Global: FRA C7D0.MDB

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 50m west of Further Plantation: part of Foxholes Brow round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 19 June 1967

Last Amended: 1 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009471

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20138

County: East Sussex

Electoral Ward/Division: Old Town

Built-Up Area: Eastbourne

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Willingdon St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, one of a group of five barrows forming a
linear round barrow cemetery running NNW-SSE along the crest of a ridge in
an area of chalk downland. The barrow is visible as a mound 18m in diameter
and 0.7m high. A slight central hollow suggests that the barrow was once
partially excavated.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument. Now only visible as a change in vegetation, the
ditch survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite some evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow 50m west of
Further Plantation survives comparatively well and contains archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the
landscape in which it was constructed. As part of a linear round barrow
cemetery, and a further extensive and widespread concentration of bowl barrows
surviving in the area, it contributes to a valuable insight into the nature
and scale of human occupation in the area during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows (Volume 75), , Vol. 75, (1934), 274
Other
Ordnance Survey, TQ 50 SE 25, (1973)

Source: Historic England

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