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Cairnfield and standing stones east of Bunker's Hill Wood, 1km north east of Park Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Beeley, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2239 / 53°13'26"N

Longitude: -1.5799 / 1°34'47"W

OS Eastings: 428145.834499

OS Northings: 369734.780353

OS Grid: SK281697

Mapcode National: GBR 57Q.WZ9

Mapcode Global: WHCD8.P7W9

Entry Name: Cairnfield and standing stones east of Bunker's Hill Wood, 1km north east of Park Farm

Scheduled Date: 11 February 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018995

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31265

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Beeley

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Baslow St Anne

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument includes a small cairnfield and two standing stones of Bronze Age
date. The complex occupies a shelf of higher ground overlooking an extensive
area of Bronze Age settlement to the north on Gibbet Moor, which is the
subject of a separate scheduling.
The small cairnfield is formed of at least six small cairns. They stand in a
relatively stone free area, the largest being less than four metres in
diameter, and appear to survive intact. At the northern edge of the cairnfield
are two standing stones in close proximity to each other. One stone stands
approximately 0.9m high with the other, about 0.7m away, standing
approximately 0.5m high although it is now leaning.
Surrounding the two standing stones are a number of gritstone blocks which
appear to have once formed an enclosing kerb. About 40m to the west of the
standing stones and still within the cairnfield, is another upright boulder.
Although this could be a natural formation, it is likely to have formed a
prominent feature of the complex.

The isolated location of the complex, standing away from, but overlooking, the
main area of settlement to the north, indicates that it functioned as a
ceremonial site with the possibility that burials were placed beneath the
cairns.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the
River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open
moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going
archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best
recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early
human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors.
On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over
extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the
Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the
most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the
largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England
as well settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other
ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life in
the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible
relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this
provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time.
A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity
in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections,
will be identified as nationally important.

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
cleared from the surrounding land surface to improve its use for agriculture.
In some cases, the cairns were used for funerary purposes although without
excavation it is difficult to determine which cairns contain burials.
Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3,400 BC)
although the majority date from the Bronze Age (2,000-700 BC). Cairnfields can
also retain information concerning the development of land use and
agricultural practices as well as the diversity of beliefs and social
organisation during the prehistoric period.

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates
ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age. They comprise
single or paired upright orthostats and are often conspicuously sited and
close to other contemporary monument classes. Where excavated their associated
subsurface features have included stone cists and various pits and hollows
filled with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots
and potsherds. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways,
territories, graves, or meeting places, but their accompanying features show
that they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual
monument classes of their period. Standing stones are found widely-distributed
in England but there are concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire
Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. They are nationally rare
monuments and consequently all undisturbed standing stones and those which
represent the main ranges and types of locations are considered to be of
national importance.

The cairnfield and standing stones east of Bunker's Hill Wood, 1km north east
of Park Farm, survive well and provide an insight into Bronze Age ceremonial
use of this moorland.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J W, The Chatsworth Estate Historic Landscape Survey (Moorlands), (1998), 77
Barnatt, J W, The Chatsworth Estate Historic Landscape Survey (Moorlands), (1998), 77
Barnatt, J W, The Chatsworth Estate Historic Landscape Survey (Moorlands), (1998), 77
Barnatt, J W, The Chatsworth Estate Historic Landscape Survey (Moorlands), (1998), 77

Source: Historic England

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