Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow known as Gospel Hill, 80m south west of Pasture House

A Scheduled Monument in Thirn, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.271 / 54°16'15"N

Longitude: -1.6517 / 1°39'6"W

OS Eastings: 422781.032204

OS Northings: 486203.803153

OS Grid: SE227862

Mapcode National: GBR JMX1.6Q

Mapcode Global: WHC70.LXP5

Entry Name: Round barrow known as Gospel Hill, 80m south west of Pasture House

Scheduled Date: 10 December 1936

Last Amended: 19 March 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018922

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31358

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Thirn

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the
top of a natural rise lying in undulating land in Lower Wensleydale.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing approximately 1.5m high. It
is round in shape, measuring 15m in diameter. The mound is surrounded by a
quarry ditch which is up to 3m wide and 0.5m deep on the northern side. On the
other sides it has been partly infilled over the years and now survives as a
shallow depression. There is large hollow in the centre of the mound,
measuring 5m in diameter and 0.5m deep, which is the result of investigations
by earlier researchers.
The monument is part of a wider group of similar prehistoric monuments located
in the lowlands east of the Yorkshire Dales.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although altered by agricultural activity this barrow has survived as an
earthwork and significant information about the original form, burials placed
within it and evidence of earlier land use beneath the mound will be
It is one of a wider group of barrows in the area providing important insight
into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for
the study of the division of land for social and ritual purposes in different
geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Thubron S et al, EH FMW AM 107 Report, (1983)

Source: Historic England

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