Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle 140m north west of Higher Shilstone

A Scheduled Monument in Throwleigh, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6962 / 50°41'46"N

Longitude: -3.8998 / 3°53'59"W

OS Eastings: 265917.276022

OS Northings: 90226.74013

OS Grid: SX659902

Mapcode National: GBR Q7.BKZ7

Mapcode Global: FRA 27Q7.GJ7

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 140m north west of Higher Shilstone

Scheduled Date: 27 October 1971

Last Amended: 2 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018917

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28716

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Throwleigh

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Throwleigh St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a stone hut circle lying on a west facing slope of
Throwleigh Common overlooking the valley of the Forder Brook. The stone hut
circle survives as a 10.2m diameter internal area surrounded by a 1.4m wide
and 1.3m high single orthostatic wall.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle 140m north west of Higher Shilstone survives well and
contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument, the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived
and, as such, provides a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age
occupation on this part of the moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 197

Source: Historic England

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