Ancient Monuments

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Cairnfield 370m west of Blackaton Brook Ford

A Scheduled Monument in South Tawton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6993 / 50°41'57"N

Longitude: -3.9219 / 3°55'18"W

OS Eastings: 264368.854733

OS Northings: 90608.147034

OS Grid: SX643906

Mapcode National: GBR Q7.B6BH

Mapcode Global: FRA 27N7.CX1

Entry Name: Cairnfield 370m west of Blackaton Brook Ford

Scheduled Date: 4 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018905

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28699

County: Devon

Civil Parish: South Tawton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: South Tawton St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a cairnfield situated on a gentle east facing slope
overlooking the valley of the Blackaton Brook. The cairnfield survives as a
tight cluster of eight mounds standing between 0.7m and 1.1m high. Five of
the mounds are circular in shape with their diameters varying between 4m and
6m and the remainder are ovoid with lengths between 6.7m and 8m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later
industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the
pattern of land use through time. Cairnfields are concentrations of three or
more cairns sited within close proximity to one another; they may consist of
burial cairns or cairns built with stone cleared from the land surface
(clearance cairns). Round funerary cairns were constructed during the Bronze
Age (c.2000-700 BC) and consisted of earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes
ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. The
considerable variation in the size of cairnfields and their longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The cairnfield 370m west of Blackaton Brook Ford survives well and contains
important archaeological and environmental information relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was formed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
MPP Fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1998)

Source: Historic England

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