Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Prehistoric enclosed settlement known as South Kirkby Camp

A Scheduled Monument in South Kirkby and Moorthorpe, Wakefield

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 53.5889 / 53°35'20"N

Longitude: -1.3442 / 1°20'39"W

OS Eastings: 443505.811722

OS Northings: 410461.415732

OS Grid: SE435104

Mapcode National: GBR MV1Y.S6

Mapcode Global: WHDCS.B14Z

Entry Name: Prehistoric enclosed settlement known as South Kirkby Camp

Scheduled Date: 24 May 1951

Last Amended: 19 March 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018818

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31532

County: Wakefield

Civil Parish: South Kirkby and Moorthorpe

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: South Kirkby All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric enclosed settlement at the east end of a
low ridge 200m NNW of Kirkby Common Farm.
The enclosure is defined by a bank and ditch. This survives best on the south
west and east sides, where the bank is 10m wide and up to 1m high. The ditch
is between 7m and 10m wide and up to 1.5m deep. On the south west side the
ditch has been partly obscured by ploughing. Elsewhere the bank and ditch are
less well-preserved. On the north and north west sides they are visible as a
pronounced lynchet, partly obscured at its western end by the upcast bank from
a modern ditch. On the south east side the line of the ditch and bank is
marked by a slight lynchet. An annexe defined by a bank formerly existed
south of the settlement, and is not included in the scheduling as there is no
evidence that it survives. Excavations across the bank and ditch in 1949
produced pottery reported as Iron Age. Geophysical survey in 1997 revealed
evidence of possible internal features, but failed to show the southern
annexe.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The Pennine uplands of northern England contain a wide variety of prehistoric
remains, including cairns, enclosures, carved rocks, settlements and field
systems. These are evidence of the widespread exploitation of these uplands
throughout later prehistory. During the last millennium BC a variety of
different types of enclosed settlements developed. These include hillforts,
which have substantial earthworks and are usually located on hilltops. Other
types of enclosed settlement of this period are less obviously defensive, as
they have less substantial earthworks and are usually in less prominent
positions. In the Pennines a number of late prehistoric enclosed settlements
survive as upstanding monuments. Where upstanding earthworks survive, the
settlements are between 0.4ha and 10ha in area, and are usually located on
ridges or hillside terraces. The enclosing earthworks are usually slight, most
consisting of a ditch with an internal bank, or with an internal and external
bank, but examples with an internal ditch and with no ditch are known. They
are sub-circular, sub-rectangular, or oval in shape. Few of these enclosed
settlements have been subject to systematic excavation, but they are thought
to date from between the Late Bronze Age to the Romano-British period (c.1000
BC-AD 400). Examples which have been excavated have presented evidence of
settlement. Some appear to have developed from earlier palisaded enclosures.
Unexcavated examples occasionally have levelled areas which may have contained
buildings, but a proportion may have functioned primarily as stock enclosures.
Enclosed settlements are a distinctive feature of the late prehistory of the
Pennine uplands, and are important in illustrating the variety of enclosed
settlement types which developed in many areas of Britain at this time.
Examples where a substantial proportion of the enclosed settlement survives
are considered to be nationally important.

The late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as South Kirkby Camp survives
well and contributes to the body of knowledge relating to late prehistoric
settlement and land use in northern England.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
'South Elmsall and Hemsworth Express' in South Elmsall and Hemsworth Express, (1949)
Other
Report no. 546 Gradiometer Survey, Whittingham M, South Kirkby Camp West Yorkshire, (1997)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.