Ancient Monuments

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Five carved rocks in Cottingley Woods, 600m NNE of Lee Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Harden, Bradford

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.837 / 53°50'13"N

Longitude: -1.8521 / 1°51'7"W

OS Eastings: 409827.166321

OS Northings: 437871.667267

OS Grid: SE098378

Mapcode National: GBR HSH2.T8

Mapcode Global: WHC91.JT7B

Entry Name: Five carved rocks in Cottingley Woods, 600m NNE of Lee Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018817

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31530

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Harden

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Cottingley St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes five prehistoric carved rocks in a group on level ground
at Black Hills in Cottingley Woods. The carvings vary from a simple cup and
ring to extensive areas of carving with many cups, some with rings, arranged
in groups enclosed by grooves.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Pecked lines or grooves can
also exist in isolation from cup and ring decoration. Other shapes and
patterns also occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in
small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the
Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our
most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the
designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious
symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carvings on the rocks in Cottingley Woods 600 NNE of Lee Farm survive well
and they will contribute to the study of prehistoric rock carving in Britain.

Source: Historic England

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