Ancient Monuments

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Late prehistoric settlement in Notton Park, 650m north west of Lee Lane Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Royston, Barnsley

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.6023 / 53°36'8"N

Longitude: -1.4822 / 1°28'56"W

OS Eastings: 434358.94236

OS Northings: 411869.617787

OS Grid: SE343118

Mapcode National: GBR LV2S.WD

Mapcode Global: WHDCJ.6QF9

Entry Name: Late prehistoric settlement in Notton Park, 650m north west of Lee Lane Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018809

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31522

County: Barnsley

Electoral Ward/Division: Royston

Built-Up Area: Royston

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): South Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Royston St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a late prehistoric enclosed settlement in woodland in
Notton Park, a few metres west of a path junction. The enclosure is ovoid in
shape with slightly angular northern and southern ends. It has a ditch with
both an inner and an outer bank. The ditch is typically 7m wide and 0.5m deep.
The inner bank is most substantial on the south east side, where it is 6m wide
and up to 1m high; elsewhere it is mainly present as a break of slope. The
outer bank is a substantial feature on all but the south east side; it has a
maximum width of 6m and a maximum height of 0.8m. There is a break in the
banks and ditch on the south east side which may be an original entrance.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The Pennine uplands of northern England contain a wide variety of prehistoric
remains, including cairns, enclosures, carved rocks, settlements and field
systems. These are evidence of the widespread exploitation of these uplands
throughout later prehistory. During the last millennium BC a variety of
different types of enclosed settlements developed. These include hillforts,
which have substantial earthworks and are usually located on hilltops. Other
types of enclosed settlement of this period are less obviously defensive, as
they have less substantial earthworks and are usually in less prominent
positions. In the Pennines a number of late prehistoric enclosed settlements
survive as upstanding monuments. Where upstanding earthworks survive, the
settlements are between 0.4ha and 10ha in area, and are usually located on
ridges or hillside terraces. The enclosing earthworks are usually slight, most
consisting of a ditch with an internal bank, or with an internal and external
bank, but examples with an internal ditch and with no ditch are known. They
are sub-circular, sub-rectangular, or oval in shape. Few of these enclosed
settlements have been subject to systematic excavation, but they are thought
to date from between the Late Bronze Age to the Romano-British period (c.1000
BC-AD 400). Examples which have been excavated have presented evidence of
settlement. Some appear to have developed from earlier palisaded enclosures.
Unexcavated examples occasionally have levelled areas which may have contained
buildings, but a proportion may have functioned primarily as stock enclosures.
Enclosed settlements are a distinctive feature of the late prehistory of the
Pennine uplands, and are important in illustrating the variety of enclosed
settlement types which developed in many areas of Britain at this time.
Examples where a substantial proportion of the enclosed settlement survives
are considered to be nationally important.

The late prehistoric enclosed settlement in Notton Park survives well and
contributes to the body of knowledge relating to late prehistoric settlement
and land use in northern England.

Source: Historic England

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