Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 700m north west of Churn Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Blewbury, Oxfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5526 / 51°33'9"N

Longitude: -1.2702 / 1°16'12"W

OS Eastings: 450693.590425

OS Northings: 183995.524789

OS Grid: SU506839

Mapcode National: GBR 803.PNZ

Mapcode Global: VHCYS.X7VM

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 700m north west of Churn Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018723

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28198

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Blewbury

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Blewbury

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow 700m north west of Churn Farm,
situated in a slight valley west of Churn Hill. The barrow forms part of a
large dispersed round barrow cemetery which is believed to have originally
included 15 or more individual barrows, many of which are the subject of
separate schedulings.
The barrow mound survives as an earth mound measuring 30m in diameter and
standing up to 1.8m high. The mound is believed to be surrounded by a quarry
ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This has
become infilled over the years but based on similar sized barrows in the
region is expected to measure approximately 3m wide and will survive as a
buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 700m north west of Churn Farm is part of the larger round
barrow cemetery on Blewbury Down. It survives well and will contain
archaeological evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in
which the cemetery was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PRN 9657, C.A.O., BOWL BARROW, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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