Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 500m west of Churn Park Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Blewbury, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.5444 / 51°32'39"N

Longitude: -1.2701 / 1°16'12"W

OS Eastings: 450711.343777

OS Northings: 183086.325508

OS Grid: SU507830

Mapcode National: GBR 809.3PJ

Mapcode Global: VHCYS.XFXX

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 500m west of Churn Park Cottage

Scheduled Date: 29 June 1960

Last Amended: 30 August 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013052

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12044

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Blewbury

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Compton

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a bowl barrow 500m west of Churn Park Cottage which has
a maximum diameter of 30m. Although a ditch once surrounded the mound this
has now been disturbed by ploughing and is no longer visible. The west side
of the mound survives on a level with arable land adjacent to it, while the
east side is better preserved, surviving to a height of 1.5m. The monument is
mentioned in an Anglo-Saxon charter.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Source: Historic England

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