Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Wayside cross at Page's Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Guestwick, Norfolk

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 52.8065 / 52°48'23"N

Longitude: 1.0761 / 1°4'33"E

OS Eastings: 607435.077192

OS Northings: 327654.205547

OS Grid: TG074276

Mapcode National: GBR TBP.2VK

Mapcode Global: WHLRF.HQN9

Entry Name: Wayside cross at Page's Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018676

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31146

County: Norfolk

Civil Parish: Guestwick

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk

Church of England Parish: Guestwick St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Norwich

Details

The monument includes the remains of a standing stone cross located against
the north west corner of a barn, on the west side of the road which runs
between Guestwick and Tyby at Page's Farm. The cross, which dates from the
medieval period, includes the socket stone and the lower part of the shaft.

The socket stone, which is set into the ground, measures 0.3m high and 0.66m
square at the base, rising through chamfered corners to an octagonal section
on the surface. The shaft, which displays evidence of vertical moulding, is
mortised into the socket stone and measures 0.6m high by 0.3m square in plan,
rising through chamfered corners to a tapering octagonal section. The full
height of the cross in its present form is approximately 0.9m.

The cross stands close to the parish boundary between the parishes of
Guestwick and Tyby.

The brick barn to the west of the cross where it falls within the monument's
protective margin is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A standing cross is a free standing upright structure, usually of stone,
mostly erected during the medieval period (mid 10th to mid 16th centuries AD).
Standing crosses served a variety of functions. In churchyards they served as
stations for outdoor processions, particularly in the observance of Palm
Sunday. Elsewhere, standing crosses were used within settlements as places for
preaching, public proclamation and penance, as well as defining rights of
sanctuary. Standing crosses were also employed to mark boundaries between
parishes, property, or settlements. A few crosses were erected to commemorate
battles. Some crosses were linked to particular saints, whose support and
protection their presence would have helped to invoke. Crosses in market
places may have helped to validate transactions. After the Reformation, some
crosses continued in use as foci for municipal or borough ceremonies, for
example as places for official proclamations and announcements; some were the
scenes of games or recreational activity.
Standing crosses were distributed throughout England and are thought to have
numbered in excess of 12,000. However, their survival since the Reformation
has been variable, being much affected by local conditions, attitudes and
religious sentiment. In particular, many cross-heads were destroyed by
iconoclasts during the 16th and 17th centuries. Less than 2,000 medieval
standing crosses, with or without cross-heads, are now thought to exist. The
oldest and most basic form of standing cross is the monolith, a stone shaft
often set directly in the ground without a base. The most common form is the
stepped cross, in which the shaft is set in a socket stone and raised upon a
flight of steps; this type of cross remained current from the 11th to 12th
centuries until after the Reformation. Where the cross-head survives it may
take a variety of forms, from a lantern-like structure to a crucifix; the more
elaborate examples date from the 15th century. Much less common than stepped
crosses are spire-shaped crosses, often composed of three or four receding
stages with elaborate architectural decoration and/or sculptured figures; the
most famous of these include the Eleanor crosses, erected by Edward I at the
stopping places of the funeral cortege of his wife, who died in 1290. Also
uncommon are the preaching crosses which were built in public places from the
13th century, typically in the cemeteries of religious communities and
cathedrals, market places and wide thoroughfares; they include a stepped base,
buttresses supporting a vaulted canopy, in turn carrying either a shaft and
head or a pinnacled spire. Standing crosses contribute significantly to our
understanding of medieval customs, both secular and religious, and to our
knowledge of medieval parishes and settlement patterns. All crosses which
survive as standing monuments, especially those which stand in or near their
original location, are considered worthy of protection.

The wayside cross at Page's Farm is a good example of a medieval standing
cross with a square to octagonal socket stone and a square to octagonal shaft.
Located close to the parish boundary and visible from the road the cross is
believed to stand on or near to its original position. The cross has not been
restored and has continued in use as a public monument and amenity from
medieval times until the present day.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Cozens-Hardy, , 'Norfolk Archaeology' in Norfolk Crosses, , Vol. 25, (1935), 311

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.