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Moated site 650m south of Beachendon Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Dinton-with-Ford and Upton, Buckinghamshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.81 / 51°48'36"N

Longitude: -0.8999 / 0°53'59"W

OS Eastings: 475941.726202

OS Northings: 212948.929331

OS Grid: SP759129

Mapcode National: GBR C1H.FBC

Mapcode Global: VHDV3.CR4S

Entry Name: Moated site 650m south of Beachendon Farm

Scheduled Date: 2 December 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018671

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32112

County: Buckinghamshire

Civil Parish: Dinton-with-Ford and Upton

Traditional County: Buckinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Buckinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Waddesdon with Over Winchendon and Fleet Marston

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a medieval moated site with a sample of the associated
pattern of medieval cultivation earthworks. It is 650m south of Beachendon
Farm and immediately north of a branch of the River Thame marking the northern
edge of an expanse of flood meadow.

The moated site includes a roughly rectangular island measuring approximately
50m north west-south east by 42m north east-south west. This is contained by a
ditch averaging 12m across and between 1m and 1.5m deep. The outer bank,
thought to be the upcast from the ditch and visible only on the north west and
south west sides, has a maximum height of 1m and width of 8m. An inner bank
remains visible on all four sides, measuring about 3m wide and 0.5m high. The
island is approached by a causeway on the north western side which measures
approximately 8m wide. A narrow leat extends from the southern corner of the
moat in a south easterly direction where it would originally have joined the
River Thame.

The pasture to the south east of the moated site contains traces of medieval
cultivation (ridge and furrow) and a 16m wide sample of the ridge and furrow
between the moat and the branch of the River Thame is included in the
scheduling in order to protect the archaeological relationship between the
cultivation earthworks and the moated site.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 650m south of Beachendon Farm survives well. It is largely
undisturbed and will retain buried evidence for structures and other features
relating to its occupation. The buried silts in the base of the
ditch will contain both artefacts relating to the period of occupation and
environmental evidence for the appearance of the landscape in which the
monument was set. Part of the contemporary management of the surrounding
landscape is clearly visible in the surviving pattern of medieval cultivation
which abuts the moat to the south east.

The monument lies in an area where moated sites are relatively numerous, and
is situated in close proximity to one such site between Dinton and Upton,
4.5km to the south east. Comparisons between these sites will provide valuable
insights into developments in the nature of settlement and society in the
medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Title: Plan of the Eythrope Estate in the parish of Waddesdon
Source Date: 1850
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Title: Plan of the Eythrope Estate in the parish of Waddesdon
Source Date: 1850
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
D/HJ/5/2.T

Source: Historic England

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