Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 600m north west of Garbutt Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Boltby, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2482 / 54°14'53"N

Longitude: -1.2172 / 1°13'1"W

OS Eastings: 451103.597966

OS Northings: 483892.891701

OS Grid: SE511838

Mapcode National: GBR MMY9.8X

Mapcode Global: WHD8K.8HM4

Entry Name: Round barrow 600m north west of Garbutt Farm

Scheduled Date: 21 February 1995

Last Amended: 2 December 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018550

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25590

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Boltby

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the
west edge of Hambleton Down.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.7m high. It is round in
shape and 6m in diameter. This mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide
which has become filled in over the years, and is no longer visible as an
earthwork. Excavations in 1864 revealed the mound to be constructed of
limestone flags overlapping one another to form a cairn.
There are many similar barrows on this area of the Hambleton Hills. Many of
them lie in closely associated groups, and are linked with a system of later
prehistoric boundaries. They provide evidence of territorial organisation
marking divisions of land which still remains as some parish or township

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although altered by agricultural activity, this barrow has survived well.
Significant information about the original form, burials placed within it and
evidence of earlier land use beneath the mound will be preserved.
Together with adjacent barrows it is thought to represent a territorial
marker. These barrows are associated with a later prehistoric linear boundary
system which divides the terrain into discrete units, thus continuing the
divisions marked by the barrows. Such groupings of monuments offer important
scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and
agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'The Archaeological Journal' in The Cleave Dyke System, , Vol. VOL 54, (1982), 33-52
Kinnes, IA and Longworth, IH, Catalogue of the excavated material in the Greenwell collection, Catalogue of Excavated Material in the Greenwell Collection, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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