Ancient Monuments

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Late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Round Dykes Camp on Addingham Low Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Addingham, Bradford

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9472 / 53°56'49"N

Longitude: -1.9174 / 1°55'2"W

OS Eastings: 405520.480859

OS Northings: 450121.629013

OS Grid: SE055501

Mapcode National: GBR HQ1S.PS

Mapcode Global: WHB7H.J16V

Entry Name: Late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Round Dykes Camp on Addingham Low Moor

Scheduled Date: 23 October 1973

Last Amended: 18 September 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018259

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31498

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Addingham

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Addingham St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes an oval late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as
Round Dykes Camp. It is situated on Addingham Low Moor, 400m south of Hart
House.
The enclosure measures about 99m by 86m overall, and is bounded by a ditch
with an inner and an outer bank. The outer bank is approximately 7m wide and
up to 0.8m high. The ditch is about 5m wide and up to 0.8m deep. The inner
bank is about 5m wide and 0.4m high. There is a break in the banks and ditch
on the east edge which may be an original entrance. A spring has caused the
inner bank to subside on the south east side. Internal features include an
earth mound at the south east end of the enclosure. On the north east side, a
break of slope bounds two level areas. These are larger than is usual for hut
platforms, but may have contained buildings.
The fence where it crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling,
although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The Pennine uplands of northern England contain a wide variety of prehistoric
remains, including cairns, enclosures, carved rocks, settlements and field
systems. These are evidence of the widespread exploitation of these uplands
throughout later prehistory. During the last millennium BC a variety of
different types of enclosed settlements developed. These include hillforts,
which have substantial earthworks and are usually located on hilltops. Other
types of enclosed settlement of this period are less obviously defensive, as
they have less substantial earthworks and are usually in less prominent
positions. In the Pennines a number of late prehistoric enclosed settlements
survive as upstanding monuments. Where upstanding earthworks survive, the
settlements are between 0.4ha and 10ha in area, and are usually located on
ridges or hillside terraces. The enclosing earthworks are usually slight, most
consisting of a ditch with an internal bank, or with an internal and external
bank, but examples with an internal ditch and with no ditch are known. They
are sub-circular, sub-rectangular, or oval in shape. Few of these enclosed
settlements have been subject to systematic excavation, but they are thought
to date from between the Late Bronze Age to the Romano-British period (c.1000
BC-AD 400). Examples which have been excavated have presented evidence of
settlement. Some appear to have developed from earlier palisaded enclosures.
Unexcavated examples occasionally have levelled areas which may have contained
buildings, but a proportion may have functioned primarily as stock enclosures.
Enclosed settlements are a distinctive feature of the late prehistory of the
Pennine uplands, and are important in illustrating the variety of enclosed
settlement types which developed in many areas of Britain at this time.
Examples where a substantial proportion of the enclosed settlement survives
are considered to be nationally important.

The late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Round Dykes Camp survives
well. It is one of two such enclosed settlements on the slopes of Counter
Hill. It contributes to the understanding of late prehistoric settlement and
land use in northern England.

Source: Historic England

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