Ancient Monuments

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Late prehistoric enclosed settlement 350m south west of Goose Clough at Hunter Hill, Ovenden

A Scheduled Monument in Illingworth and Mixenden, Calderdale

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Latitude: 53.7607 / 53°45'38"N

Longitude: -1.9177 / 1°55'3"W

OS Eastings: 405521.943409

OS Northings: 429377.686993

OS Grid: SE055293

Mapcode National: GBR HS1Y.MM

Mapcode Global: WHB88.JQ0T

Entry Name: Late prehistoric enclosed settlement 350m south west of Goose Clough at Hunter Hill, Ovenden

Scheduled Date: 10 June 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018235

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31484

County: Calderdale

Electoral Ward/Division: Illingworth and Mixenden

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Mixenden Holy Nativity

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a late prehistoric enclosed settlement, partly destroyed
by quarrying. It is situated on Hunter Hill, Ovenden, at the south side of a
disused quarry.
The surviving part of the interior of the enclosure is triangular, and is
bounded on its south west and south east sides by a ditch with an outer bank.
The ditch has a maximum width of 5m, and a depth of 0.3m. The bank is very
wide and low. It survives best on the south east side, where it is about 6m
wide and 0.3m high.
A wall which crosses the monument near its west end is excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The Pennine uplands of northern England contain a wide variety of prehistoric
remains, including cairns, enclosures, carved rocks, settlements and field
systems. These are evidence of the widespread exploitation of these uplands
throughout later prehistory. During the last millennium BC a variety of
different types of enclosed settlements developed. These include hillforts,
which have substantial earthworks and are usually located on hilltops. Other
types of enclosed settlement of this period are less obviously defensive, as
they have less substantial earthworks and are usually in less prominent
positions. In the Pennines a number of late prehistoric enclosed settlements
survive as upstanding monuments. Where upstanding earthworks survive, the
settlements are between 0.4ha and 10ha in area, and are usually located on
ridges or hillside terraces. The enclosing earthworks are usually slight, most
consisting of a ditch with an internal bank, or with an internal and external
bank, but examples with an internal ditch and with no ditch are known. They
are sub-circular, sub-rectangular, or oval in shape. Few of these enclosed
settlements have been subject to systematic excavation, but they are thought
to date from between the Late Bronze Age to the Romano-British period (c.1000
BC-AD 400). Examples which have been excavated have presented evidence of
settlement. Some appear to have developed from earlier palisaded enclosures.
Unexcavated examples occasionally have levelled areas which may have contained
buildings, but a proportion may have functioned primarily as stock enclosures.
Enclosed settlements are a distinctive feature of the late prehistory of the
Pennine uplands, and are important in illustrating the variety of enclosed
settlement types which developed in many areas of Britain at this time.
Examples where a substantial proportion of the enclosed settlement survives
are considered to be nationally important.

This section of the enclosed settlement on Hunter Hill survives reasonably
well despite loss of the remainder of the site to quarrying and contributes to
the understanding of late prehistoric settlement and land use in northern

Source: Historic England

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