Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cup marked boundary stone known as Churn Milk Joan on Crow Hill, Midgley Moor, 580m north of Foster Clough Bridge

A Scheduled Monument in Hebden Royd, Calderdale

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Latitude: 53.7455 / 53°44'43"N

Longitude: -1.9715 / 1°58'17"W

OS Eastings: 401977.548588

OS Northings: 427684.655149

OS Grid: SE019276

Mapcode National: GBR GTN4.Z2

Mapcode Global: WHB8F.P3DY

Entry Name: Cup marked boundary stone known as Churn Milk Joan on Crow Hill, Midgley Moor, 580m north of Foster Clough Bridge

Scheduled Date: 31 January 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015096

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29129

County: Calderdale

Civil Parish: Hebden Royd

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Luddenden with Luddendenfoot

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a carved gritstone boundary stone, measuring 0.34m by
0.32m and standing 2.1m high. It is post-medieval in date but reuses a stone
bearing prehistoric cup and ring markings. It is situated on Midgley Moor, on
the crest of a ridge north of moorland enclosures, west of the summit of Crow
Hill, and is known as Churn Milk Joan. An accurate National Grid Reference is
SE 01978 27685.
The carving consists of four cups on the east face and one cup on the south

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

Although not in its original setting, the carving on this rock survives well
and forms an important part of the prehistoric landscape of the Midgley Moor
area, where carved rocks appear to be extremely uncommon. This example is
well away from the known concentrations between the rivers Aire, Wharfe and
Nidd and for that reason may be considered to be a particularly interesting

Source: Historic England

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