Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Knighton Heath Golf Course 320m south of Eastlands Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Merley & Bearwood, Poole

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Latitude: 50.7651 / 50°45'54"N

Longitude: -1.9397 / 1°56'22"W

OS Eastings: 404350.203272

OS Northings: 96170.263336

OS Grid: SZ043961

Mapcode National: GBR XYW.ZM

Mapcode Global: FRA 67T2.455

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Knighton Heath Golf Course 320m south of Eastlands Farm

Scheduled Date: 14 February 1931

Last Amended: 29 April 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018032

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29593

County: Poole

Electoral Ward/Division: Merley & Bearwood

Built-Up Area: Bournemouth

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Canford Magna

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes the remains of a bowl barrow on Knighton Heath Golf
Course, 320m south of Eastlands Farm, previously recorded as having a
mound 11m in diameter, surrounded by a 1.3m wide quarry ditch, from which
material to construct the mound was derived. Although only a small area of
earthwork survives, the remainder having been levelled by the construction of
a golf tee, the barrow will survive in the form of buried remains.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although damaged by the construction of a golf tee, the bowl barrow on
Knighton Heath Golf course 320m south of Eastlands Farm will contain
archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy
and environment.

Source: Historic England

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