Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow in Gravel Hill Plantation, 340m north of Arrowsmith House

A Scheduled Monument in Merley & Bearwood, Poole

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Latitude: 50.7755 / 50°46'31"N

Longitude: -1.9732 / 1°58'23"W

OS Eastings: 401982.463001

OS Northings: 97322.552272

OS Grid: SZ019973

Mapcode National: GBR 320.CY3

Mapcode Global: FRA 67R1.92X

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in Gravel Hill Plantation, 340m north of Arrowsmith House

Scheduled Date: 24 July 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018197

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29592

County: Poole

Electoral Ward/Division: Merley & Bearwood

Built-Up Area: Merley

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Canford Magna

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow in Gravel Hill Plantation 340m north of
Arrowsmith House. The barrow has a mound 14m in diameter and 1.5m high,
surrounded by a quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was
derived. This is visible as a slight surface depression on the northern side
of the mound, and has been quarried away by old quarry diggings on the south
east side, but elsewhere it has become infilled over the years and now
survives as a buried feature about 2m wide. A second barrow previously
recorded 10m to the east could not be located on the ground and is not
included in the scheduling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow in Gravel Hill Plantation 340m north of Arrowsmith House is a
well preserved example of its class and will contain archaeological remains
providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

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