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Two bowl barrows 450m and 500m west of Leworthy

A Scheduled Monument in Pyworthy, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7849 / 50°47'5"N

Longitude: -4.3882 / 4°23'17"W

OS Eastings: 231750.774345

OS Northings: 101086.383624

OS Grid: SS317010

Mapcode National: GBR K9.ZS71

Mapcode Global: FRA 17P0.Q7P

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 450m and 500m west of Leworthy

Scheduled Date: 26 January 1971

Last Amended: 29 September 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017973

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30335

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Pyworthy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Clawton St Leonard

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows aligned
north-south and situated on a high ridge overlooking the valley of a tributary
to the River Deer. These two barrows form part of a dispersed group of eight
barrows spread across the length of this ridge.
The northern barrow survives as a 0.7m high circular mound which measures
25.9m in diameter. The southern barrow survives as a circular mound which
measures 28.8m in diameter and 1.2m high.
Surrounding both barrows is the ditch from which material to build the mounds
was obtained and these survive as buried features 3m wide.
The boundary banks north east of the northern mound and south of the southern
mound are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The two bowl barrows 450m and 500m west of Leworthy survive well and form part
of a cluster of large mounds. Archaeological and environmental information
survives within these barrows and together they provide evidence for
territorial control and land use in this part of Devon.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS30SW14, (1983)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS30SW15, (1983)

Source: Historic England

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