Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 430m north west of Leworthy

A Scheduled Monument in Pyworthy, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7877 / 50°47'15"N

Longitude: -4.3868 / 4°23'12"W

OS Eastings: 231857.168005

OS Northings: 101392.406977

OS Grid: SS318013

Mapcode National: GBR K9.ZLJ1

Mapcode Global: FRA 17P0.BT3

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 430m north west of Leworthy

Scheduled Date: 26 January 1971

Last Amended: 29 September 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017972

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30334

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Pyworthy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Clawton St Leonard

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument includes two bowl barrows aligned north east - south west
situated 430m north west of Leworthy on a prominent ridge location overlooking
the valley of a tributary to the River Deer. They form the northernmost pair
of a dispersed group of eight barrows.
The north eastern barrow survives as a circular mound which measures 18.2m in
diameter and is 0.4m high. The second barrow survives as a circular mound
which measures 20.7m in diameter and is 0.6m high. In each case the
surrounding ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived is
preserved as a buried feature.
The remaining six barrows within this group are the subject of separate
schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The two bowl barrows 430m north west of Leworthy survive well and form part of
a cluster of large mounds. Archaeological and environmental information
survives within these barrows and together they provide evidence concerning
territorial control and land use in this part of Devon.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS30SW12, (1983)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS30SW13, (1983)

Source: Historic England

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