Ancient Monuments

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Moated site at Grange Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Merton, Devon

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Latitude: 50.8888 / 50°53'19"N

Longitude: -4.1002 / 4°6'0"W

OS Eastings: 252373.589123

OS Northings: 112027.212453

OS Grid: SS523120

Mapcode National: GBR KP.S73Z

Mapcode Global: FRA 269R.GFD

Entry Name: Moated site at Grange Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017867

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30317

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Merton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Merton All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument includes a moated site at Grange Farm, Merton which lies to the
west of All Saints Church. The site lies beside a field boundary in a field
known as Church Field.
The monument is clearly visible on RAF aerial photographs taken in 1946, as a
rectangular structure measuring 50m long by 30m wide internally, defined by a
bank and ditch. A further bank leads towards Merton and lies parallel to the
nearby field boundary. This field boundary is also seen to kink where it
encounters the moated site. The area where the moat is situated has been
subject to tipping of topsoil in the past which has served to preserve the
moated site as an entirely buried feature.
The bank leading from the moat is not included in the scheduling as it is not
currently known whether it is contemporary with the moated site.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Grange Farm survives well as a buried feature and contains
archaeological information relating to its construction and occupation.
Moated sites are relatively rare in Devon and this is a good example.

Source: Historic England


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS51SW5,

Source: Historic England

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