Ancient Monuments

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Compton Farm Romano-British and Early Medieval occupation sites and associated cultivation earthworks

A Scheduled Monument in Enford, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.2651 / 51°15'54"N

Longitude: -1.8183 / 1°49'5"W

OS Eastings: 412772.1084

OS Northings: 151782.4041

OS Grid: SU127517

Mapcode National: GBR 4YW.P3J

Mapcode Global: VHB4Y.FGLK

Entry Name: Compton Farm Romano-British and Early Medieval occupation sites and associated cultivation earthworks

Scheduled Date: 8 January 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017863

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10038

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Enford

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Enford All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


A Romano-British occupation site and associated system of lynchets. The
cultivation earthworks survive in three discrete areas. There is some
evidence of early medieval activity in the area of Romano-British occupation.
The monument includes: -
1 - an occupation site located in a pipe trench and yielding Romano-British
artefacts datable to the C1st-C4th AD. Middle Saxon pottery was also retrieved
from the trench.
2 - a complex of strip lynchets surviving in three discrete areas on the north
and south-facing sides of a dry valley.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland
archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury
Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain
Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant
archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of
special significance because they differ in character from those in
other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on
Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

Romano-British settlements related to surviving field systems are rare
nationally. Well preserved field systems provide important evidence for
agricultural practices and the pattern of land tenure. The significance
of the monument is considerably enhanced by the evidence for Saxon
occupation of the site.

Source: Historic England


Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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