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Casterley Camp and associated monuments

A Scheduled Monument in Upavon, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2806 / 51°16'50"N

Longitude: -1.8356 / 1°50'8"W

OS Eastings: 411561.671077

OS Northings: 153509.618289

OS Grid: SU115535

Mapcode National: GBR 3XB.QQ9

Mapcode Global: VHB4Y.42FM

Entry Name: Casterley Camp and associated monuments

Scheduled Date: 22 April 1966

Last Amended: 12 February 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010074

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10037

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Upavon

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Upavon St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

A large Iron Age/Romano-British enclosure with shallow enclosures and Romano-
British occupation internally and a trackway to the west.
1 - A large Iron Age/Romano-British enclosure, possibly non-defensive in
function and incomplete. Partially excavated in the 19th century.
2 - Three apparently related enclosures situated within Casterley Camp. Stock
control and religious functions have been attributed to the enclosures.
Partially excavated in the 19th century. (SU11645388)
3 - An area of Romano-British occupation within Casterley Camp. Partial
investigation recovered Samian, New Forest and Coarse ware, coins, bronze
earpicks, pins and tweezers, a stamp and knives, nails etc. (SU11585350)
4 - A trackway on the west side of Casterley Camp. There are traces of a bank
on both sides.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland
archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury
Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain
Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant
archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of
special significance because they differ in character from those in
other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on
Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

Seven hillforts are recorded in the Salisbury Plain Training Area.
Hillforts represent a major settlement form for the Iron Age and,
unless severely damaged, are considered worthy of protection.
Significantly, all of these are associated with contemporary
archaeological features such as field systems and land boundaries.

The importance of the Casterley monument is considerably enhanced by
the series of late Iron Age enclosures occupying the interior of the
hillfort. Excavation during the 1900s suggested that the late Iron Age
occupation was of high status and a possible ritual function has been
suggested.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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