Ancient Monuments

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Park Hall moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Leigh, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9276 / 52°55'39"N

Longitude: -1.9605 / 1°57'37"W

OS Eastings: 402754.578344

OS Northings: 336687.727312

OS Grid: SK027366

Mapcode National: GBR 387.H5V

Mapcode Global: WHBD9.VPM0

Entry Name: Park Hall moated site

Scheduled Date: 26 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017859

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22439

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Leigh

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Leigh All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument includes Park Hall moated site. It contains an island
approximately 50m square that is occupied at its northern corner by the 18th
century Park Hall. Surrounding the island on three sides is a waterlogged moat
up to 16m wide and 3.5m deep that extends in a north-easterly direction at the
northern corner. The moat's north-western arm has been infilled. An outer bank
9m wide flanks the moat's north-eastern arm. Access to the island is by an
18th century gated sandstone bridge.
Park Hall was the manor house of the Leigh family who held one third of the
manor in the 13th century. The present hall, and the bridge, gate piers and
gate are Listed buildings Grade II.
Park Hall, the bridge, gate piers and gate, all outbuildings, service pipes,
walls, fences and paths, a sluice at the moat's eastern corner, an ornamental
statue and small island in the moat's south-western arm, and a small
ornamental footbridge across the south-western arm are all excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite infilling of one arm of the moat and some landscaping of another arm,
Park Hall moated site survives well. The island will contain evidence of the
original manor house known to have existed here during the 13th century and
the waterlogged moat will preserve organic material.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)
DOE, List of Buildings of Historic & Architectural Interest,
DOE, List of Buildings of Historic & Architectural Interest,
SMR No 615, Staffs SMR, Park Hall: Leigh,

Source: Historic England

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