Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 80m north-west of Oldwood

A Scheduled Monument in Checkley, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 52.9391 / 52°56'20"N

Longitude: -1.9156 / 1°54'56"W

OS Eastings: 405765.697079

OS Northings: 337969.516631

OS Grid: SK057379

Mapcode National: GBR 383.NJ6

Mapcode Global: WHBDB.KD05

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 80m north-west of Oldwood

Scheduled Date: 18 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008709

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22420

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Checkley

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Croxden with Hollington St Giles

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on Toot Hill 80m north-west of
Oldwood. It survives as a slightly mutilated oval earthen mound up to 1.3m
high with maximum dimensions of 9m by 6.5m. Limited antiquarian investigation
at the centre of the mound located charcoal, bones, flint artefacts and
fragments of an iron mould.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some mutilation of the monument and limited antiquarian investigation
of the mound's centre, the bowl barrow 80m north-west of Oldwood survives
reasonably well. This investigation located human remains and artefacts of
flint and iron, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist
within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)
SMR No. 620, Staffs SMR, Toot Hill, Bowl Barrow,

Source: Historic England

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