Ancient Monuments

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Littywood moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Bradley, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7686 / 52°46'6"N

Longitude: -2.1657 / 2°9'56"W

OS Eastings: 388915.077779

OS Northings: 319008.3292

OS Grid: SJ889190

Mapcode National: GBR 177.K7V

Mapcode Global: WHBDZ.PNXX

Entry Name: Littywood moated site

Scheduled Date: 10 June 1952

Last Amended: 17 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017856

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22435

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Bradley

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Bradeley St Mary and All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument includes Littywood moated site, the only moated site in
Staffordshire with two concentric, circular moats. It includes a central
platform upon which stands Littywood House. Surrounding the platform is a dry
inner moat up to 40m wide and 3m deep which is separated from the outer moat
by a flat-topped bank up to 22m wide. The outer moat remains waterlogged on
its eastern side but is dry on the west. Two connecting channels linking the
moats have been cut through the bank on its western side. An outer bank up to
13m wide flanks the outer moat on its south-west and western sides. Access to
the house is by a causeway on the north-east side.
Littywood was the manorial house of the Baron of Stafford prior to passing
through the Caverswall, Willoughby and Greville families. In c.1502 the manor
was leased to John Stapledon whose family later claimed they had been tenants
since the 12th or 13th centuries. The house was originally two timber-framed
buildings still largely preserved, converted into the present house which has
a later brick shell.
Littywood House, all outbuildings, service pipes, inspection chambers,
telegraph poles, driveways, paths, fences, walls and field boundaries are
excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath all these features is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Littywood moated site survives well, its earthworks being particularly
evident. It is the only example of a double concentric circular moated site in
Staffordshire and illustrates well the diversity in form of this class of
monument. The site has been continuously occupied since the 12th century and
will contain organic material within the waterlogged moat.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Larkham, P J, 'Moated Settlements in South Staffordshire' in Moated Settlements in South Staffordshire, (1985), 16
Larkham, P J, 'Moated Settlements in South Staffordshire' in Moated Settlements in South Staffordshire, (1985), 25
Simpson, J, 'The Old Stafford Society Transactions for 1958-9' in Circular Moated Site at Littywood, Nr Bradley, Stafford, (1958)
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)
SMR No 56, Staffs SMR, Littywood : Bradley : Stafford,

Source: Historic England

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