Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows north-east of Streathill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Streat, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8989 / 50°53'55"N

Longitude: -0.0753 / 0°4'31"W

OS Eastings: 535444.428705

OS Northings: 112809.423073

OS Grid: TQ354128

Mapcode National: GBR KPK.KS1

Mapcode Global: FRA B6QQ.QGL

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows north-east of Streathill Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 November 1966

Last Amended: 23 October 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017849

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20113

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Streat

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Plumpton with East Chiltington-cum-Novington

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned north-east to south-west
situated on the crest of a ridge of chalk downland on the northern edge of the
South Downs. The southern barrow is visible as a mound 9m in diameter and
0.5m high with a central hollow, suggesting that the barrow was once partially
excavated. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible, having
become infilled over the years, and now survives as a buried feature c.1.5m
wide. The northern barrow has a mound 8m in diameter and 0.4m high. This too
has a central hollow and is surrounded by an infilled ditch c.1.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the two bowl barrows north-east of
Streathill Farm survive as earthworks and contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in
which the barrow was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows (Volume 75), , Vol. 75, (1934), 258
Other
Ordnance Survey, TQ 31 SE 3, (1972)

Source: Historic England

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