Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Streat Hill 430m NNW of Streathill Farm, forming part of Western Brow round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Streat, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8993 / 50°53'57"N

Longitude: -0.0836 / 0°5'0"W

OS Eastings: 534861.545753

OS Northings: 112839.717402

OS Grid: TQ348128

Mapcode National: GBR KPK.HPP

Mapcode Global: FRA B6QQ.M8X

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Streat Hill 430m NNW of Streathill Farm, forming part of Western Brow round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 10 July 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014641

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27059

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Streat

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Ditchling, Streat and Westmeston

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated towards the eastern end of a
prehistoric linear round barrow cemetery which runs from west to east along a
ridge of the Sussex Downs. The barrow has a mound c.17m in diameter, surviving
to a height of up to c.0.4m. This has a large central hollow, indicating that
it has been partly excavated at some point in the past, and its northern side
has been disturbed by footpath erosion. The mound is surrounded by a ditch
from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has
become infilled over the years but will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and date from the Late
Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age. Most examples were constructed in the
period 2400-1500 BC. They occur across most of lowland Britain and, although
superficially similar in appearance, exhibit regional variations of form and a
diversity of burial practices.
The bowl barrow on Streat Hill 430m NNW of Streathill Farm survives
comparatively well, and despite some disturbance by part excavation, will
contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the period in
which it was constructed and used.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
source 2, RCHME, TQ 31 SW 25, (1934)

Source: Historic England

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