Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 410m south of Keldy Banks

A Scheduled Monument in Cropton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2982 / 54°17'53"N

Longitude: -0.8041 / 0°48'14"W

OS Eastings: 477929.815636

OS Northings: 489836.022415

OS Grid: SE779898

Mapcode National: GBR QLTQ.QZ

Mapcode Global: WHF9P.M7B8

Entry Name: Round barrow 410m south of Keldy Banks

Scheduled Date: 20 January 1964

Last Amended: 20 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017832

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25592

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Cropton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Cropton St Gregory

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the
southern flank of Cawthorne Banks, 410m south of Keldy Banks.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 1.5m high. It is round in
shape and 19m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide
which has become infilled over the years and is no longer visible as an
earthwork. The mound has been the subject of an antiquarian investigation,
leaving a large hole in the centre, and the resultant spoil has spread over
the flanks of the mound, obscuring its original profile.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although partly excavated, significant areas of this barrow mound survive
undisturbed. Significant information about its original form and the burials
placed within it will be preserved.
There are many similar monuments in the area and taken together they offer
important scope for the study of ritual and burial practice in the prehistoric

Source: Historic England

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