Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two round barrows at East Cawthorne Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Cropton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2911 / 54°17'28"N

Longitude: -0.8075 / 0°48'26"W

OS Eastings: 477721.080856

OS Northings: 489047.170501

OS Grid: SE777890

Mapcode National: GBR QLST.ZH

Mapcode Global: WHF9P.KDQP

Entry Name: Two round barrows at East Cawthorne Farm

Scheduled Date: 5 April 1967

Last Amended: 4 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015441

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28294

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Cropton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Cropton St Gregory

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes two adjacent round barrows situated at the northern side
of the Vale of Pickering.
The barrows lie close together, one being 10m to the north of the other. Both
of the barrows have an earth and stone mound and each was originally
surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide. These ditches have been infilled and are
no longer visible as earthworks.
The south barrow mound is flat topped and stands 1.2m high and is 25m in
diameter. There is a hollow dug into the centre of the mound resulting from
investigations in the past. The north barrow mound is 12m in diameter and
stands 0.5m high.
There is a dry stone wall crossing the northern mound which is excluded from
the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited disturbance, the two barrows at East Cawthorne Farm have
survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrows
and the burials placed within them will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land
use will also survive beneath the barrow mounds.
There are similar monuments in the area and taken together they offer
important scope for the study of burial practice in the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

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