Ancient Monuments

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Barnhill moated site at Hambleton

A Scheduled Monument in Normanton, Rutland

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Latitude: 52.6541 / 52°39'14"N

Longitude: -0.6365 / 0°38'11"W

OS Eastings: 492331.729668

OS Northings: 307139.394139

OS Grid: SK923071

Mapcode National: GBR DT7.MWG

Mapcode Global: WHGLV.6K54

Entry Name: Barnhill moated site at Hambleton

Scheduled Date: 20 February 1953

Last Amended: 30 January 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017605

English Heritage Legacy ID: 17008

County: Rutland

Civil Parish: Normanton

Traditional County: Rutland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Rutland

Church of England Parish: Hambleton

Church of England Diocese: Peterborough


The moated site at Hambleton occupies high ground at the end of what is now a
peninsula overlooking Rutland Water. It comprises the western, southern and
eastern arms of a `U' shaped moat, with part of a barely discernable hollow to
the north west indicating the former existence of a northern ditch.

The overall dimensions of the site are 110m W-E x 60m N-S, with the original
dimensions of the moat ditch preserved on the western side, being about 12m
wide and 2m deep. Partial silting of the southern and eastern arms has
reduced their width to 8m and depth to 1m. There are faint traces of an
internal bank on the southern and western sides, and an outer bank exists on
the western side. The site has a relatively featureless interior.

Maps predating the construction of Rutland Water show rows of trees leading to
the site and it is considered that the moat may have enclosed an isolated
lodge connected to Normanton Park. Modern landscaping features exist to the
south, but they have not encroached on the earthworks of the southern ditch.
A footpath crossing the site is excluded from the scheduling, but the ground
beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Hambleton is a substantial earthwork with generally well
preserved and waterlogged ditches. It is one of the few surviving components
of the important medieval landed estate of Normanton Park.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Hartley, R F, The Medieval Earthworks of Rutland, (1983), 22-3

Source: Historic England

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