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Moated site and fishpond at Salter Street Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Tanworth-in-Arden, Warwickshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.3657 / 52°21'56"N

Longitude: -1.8219 / 1°49'18"W

OS Eastings: 412225.98143

OS Northings: 274200.27889

OS Grid: SP122742

Mapcode National: GBR 4JJ.N70

Mapcode Global: VH9ZJ.CSQT

Entry Name: Moated site and fishpond at Salter Street Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 June 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017528

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30006

County: Warwickshire

Civil Parish: Tanworth-in-Arden

Traditional County: Warwickshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Warwickshire

Church of England Parish: Salter Street and Shirley

Church of England Diocese: Birmingham

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a small five-sided
moated site and fishpond at Salter Street Farm. The moated site is located in
a broad low-lying river valley which once contained a series of moats and
fishponds linked by streams and leats.

The moated site measures approximately 90m east to west by 60m north to south.
Three arms of the moat survive in good condition and are water-filled. They
vary from 5m to 10m wide, being widest across the western and eastern angles
and 1m to 2m deep.

A Grade II Listed timber-framed farmhouse of largely 16th and 17th century
construction, occupies the south east portion of the moat island and is
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included. The
surface of the island is level with the surrounding ground level, although the
remains of an inner lip to the moat survive around the south east and east
sides. The northern arm of the moat has been partly infilled. However, buried
deposits will survive below the later farm buildings and drive, and remnants
of the arm survive towards the northern angle as a dry ditch approximately 18m
long, 4m to 6m wide and 1m to 2m deep.

To the south west of the moat there is an irregularly shaped fishpond
measuring approximately 30m by 10m and orientated north to south, which forms
an associated water management feature, thought to have been linked to the
moat by a sluice in the south west angle of the moat.

The farmhouse and its associated upstanding buildings, all modern foot
bridges, the surface of garden paths, patios and driveways and all garden
furniture and fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site and fishpond at Salter Street Farm is an important survival of
a small moated site, of a type which once characterised the area. The remains
are rare in being well preserved and will tell us much about both the site
itself and more broadly about the nature of moated sites in the area. In
addition the surviving arms of the moat and pond have remained water filled
and will preserve environmental information relating to the site and landscape
in which it was built; whilst the northern arm, infilled before the 1880s, can
be expected to preserve earlier phases of the moat ditch.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
description of moated site and pond, White, H , Remarks and Notes,

Source: Historic England

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