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Moated site 130m north east of Moorgreen Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Alvechurch, Worcestershire

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Latitude: 52.3658 / 52°21'56"N

Longitude: -1.9211 / 1°55'16"W

OS Eastings: 405465.725886

OS Northings: 274198.066026

OS Grid: SP054741

Mapcode National: GBR 3H2.M3P

Mapcode Global: VH9ZG.NS7R

Entry Name: Moated site 130m north east of Moorgreen Farm

Scheduled Date: 6 August 1974

Last Amended: 16 January 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017527

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30005

County: Worcestershire

Civil Parish: Alvechurch

Traditional County: Worcestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Worcestershire

Church of England Parish: Alvechurch St Laurence

Church of England Diocese: Worcester


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated
site with associated fishponds and ridge and furrow cultivation remains. It
is sited in a valley bottom. At the easternmost part of the monument there are
two interconnecting ponds orientated east to west; to the west of these ponds
lies a small square moat measuring approximately 70m by 70m and to the west of
the moat is another, water-filled, fishpond orientated east to west. To the
north of this pond a rectangular depression may have served as a fourth
fishpond. The monument is bounded on the north by a stream which fed the
complex, the water entering the first of the ponds in the north eastern corner
of the complex via a sluice.
The two easternmost ponds are dry and are clearly visible as relatively
shallow depressions with banks measuring 0.5m to 2m high, being higher on the
northern side of both ponds towards the stream. The easternmost pond which
measures approximately 40m by 20m has a large, now breached, earthen dam at
its eastern edge through which water was introduced to the complex. An earthen
bank separates this pond from that to the west which measures approximately
60m by 30m. A sluice cut into the intervening bank connected the two ponds. In
the middle of the northern bank of the western pond is a further sluice or
breach from where water would have returned to the stream. An earth island
measuring approximately 20m by 10m and orientated east to west lies in the
western half of this second pond. To the south of the ponds in the lowest
point of the valley, are the remains of an associated water channel.
The western bank of the second pond forms the eastern outer bank of the
moated site. This is cut by a sluice which fed water from the second pond into
the moat. The moated site is represented by a series of substantial
earthworks. Banks varying between 0.5m and 4m high are visible on all four
sides and the arms of the moat measure between 5m an 10m across. In the
middle of the southern arm of the moat ditch are the remains of a former
entrance causeway or ford. The island of the moat measures approximately 60m
by 65m. Its surface is undulating with the remains of an inner lip on the
south inner bank.
A large earth bank approximately 7m wide separates the moat from the
westernmost pond, which was linked by a sluice through the bank. This pond,
measuring approximately 60m by 40m, is still water-filled. To the north of the
pond, between its outer bank and the stream, is a large linear depression,
measuring approximately 60m by 6m and orientated east to west. A sluice
entered this feature from the eastern corner, whilst another sluice led
towards the stream from the north western corner of the depression. This
feature may have acted as either a fourth pond or as an extended leat.
On the western edge of the monument is an earth escarpment created by the
build up required to level the site of the pond against the natural slope.
Adjacent to the south of the moated site and associated fishponds is an
area of ridge and furrow cultivation remains, aligned in sections both east to
west and north to south. A sample of this has been included in the scheduling
in order to preserve its relationship with the moated site.
All modern fencing and posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The remains of the moated site 130m north east of Moorgreen Farm are well
preserved and the site remains waterlogged which will preserve buried deposits
including environmental remains. The association of the moated site with an
extensive water management complex with leats, sluices and dams and with
surviving ridge and furrow, will provide a wider view of the management and
subsistence of the site. The island of the moat is relatively undisturbed
which would suggest that the buried remains of buildings or structures are
likely to survive intact. These remains will provide information about both
the physical arrangement of structures on the site and its social and economic

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Worcester: Volume III, (1913), 251
Bond C J & Aston M, An unpublished survey of moated site west of Weatheroak Hill, 1962, Plan and interpretive sketches
Bond C.J. & Aston M., An unpublished survey of moated site west of Weatheroak Hill, 1962, plan and interpretive sketch

Source: Historic England

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