Ancient Monuments

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Moated site 100m south of Stain Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Strubby with Woodthorpe, Lincolnshire

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Latitude: 53.3387 / 53°20'19"N

Longitude: 0.2044 / 0°12'15"E

OS Eastings: 546868.519044

OS Northings: 384683.349529

OS Grid: TF468846

Mapcode National: GBR YYWT.1W

Mapcode Global: WHJL7.3BLV

Entry Name: Moated site 100m south of Stain Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 2 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017375

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31635

County: Lincolnshire

Civil Parish: Strubby with Woodthorpe

Traditional County: Lincolnshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lincolnshire

Church of England Parish: Mablethorpe St Mary with Stane

Church of England Diocese: Lincoln


The monument includes a medieval moated site located 100m south of Stain Farm.
In 1086 land at Stain was held by Earl Richard, and the moated site is
believed to represent the site of the medieval manor house.

The moated site takes the form of a rectangular island, which measures 70m by
40m, surrounded by a moat measuring 10m to 12m in width and approximately 1m
deep. The eastern part of the island is raised up to 1m above the surrounding
ground level; this area is believed to represent a building platform for the
manor house.

In the western part of the island is a large, roughly rectangular pond,
approximately 30m by 10m and 1m in depth, thought to represent a fishpond. The
ground to the west of the pond, at the edge of the island, is again raised
above the surrounding ground level.

The moated site was formerly associated with the remains of a medieval village
and church at Stain which are no longer visible, and are not, therefore,
included in the scheduling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The remains of the moat 100m south of Stain Farm survive well as a series of
earthworks and buried deposits. The island's artificially raised ground will
preserve evidence of land use prior to the construction of the moat. Formerly
associated with a medieval village and church, it contributes to an
understanding of the inter-relationship of contemporary components of the
medieval landscape.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Foster, C W, Longley, T, The Lincolnshire Domesday and the Lincolnshire Survey, (1976)
Foster, C W, Longley, T, The Lincolnshire Domesday and the Lincolnshire Survey, (1976)
NMR, 355665, (1998)

Source: Historic England

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