Ancient Monuments

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Moated site and associated water management features 150m north of The Gadlas

A Scheduled Monument in Ellesmere Rural, Shropshire

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Latitude: 52.9282 / 52°55'41"N

Longitude: -2.935 / 2°56'5"W

OS Eastings: 337244.085563

OS Northings: 337158.821803

OS Grid: SJ372371

Mapcode National: GBR 78.MFLK

Mapcode Global: WH89K.WNKK

Entry Name: Moated site and associated water management features 150m north of The Gadlas

Scheduled Date: 14 June 1974

Last Amended: 7 July 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017241

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32320

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Ellesmere Rural

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Criftins-by-Ellesmere St Matthew

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated
site and associated water management features situated in an area of gently
undulating land. The moat, which retains a little water, defines a rectangular
island approximately 38m north west-south east and 58m south west-north east.
The arms of the moat are between 12m and 16m wide, and are surrounded on all
sides by external banks created from the material excavated from the moat.
These banks are between 13m and 20m wide and have been spread and reduced in
height by ploughing. Access onto the island is via a causeway which crosses
the south eastern moat arm near its mid-point. A circular depression 7m in
diameter in the northern half of the island indicates the position of a former
well. A series of later cultivation remains cross the island and are aligned
north west-south east.
Immediately to the east of the moated site are the remains of a former stream
course, which has been drained and which provided water to the moat. A channel
at the north eastern corner of the moated site connected the stream course
with the moat. The channel and part of the stream course are included in the
scheduling in order to preserve their relationship with the moated site.
All hedges, fences and gates are excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site and associated water management features 150m north of The
Gadlas is a well preserved example of this class of monument. The moated
island will retain structural and artefactual evidence of the buildings that
once stood on the site, which together with the artefacts and organic remains
existing in the moat will provide valuable evidence about the occupation and
social status of the inhabitants. Organic remains surviving in the buried
ground surfaces under the external banks, and within the moat, will also
provide information about the changes to the local environment and use of the
land before and after the moated site was constructed. The juxtaposition of
the moated site to the former stream course and the connecting channel gives
an indication of how the water supply to the moated site was controlled.

Source: Historic England

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