Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn on Garleigh Hill, 790m north east of Lordenshaw

A Scheduled Monument in Hollinghill, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.2864 / 55°17'11"N

Longitude: -1.9056 / 1°54'20"W

OS Eastings: 406092.72725

OS Northings: 599144.792848

OS Grid: NZ060991

Mapcode National: GBR H749.7S

Mapcode Global: WHB0X.PDR7

Entry Name: Round cairn on Garleigh Hill, 790m north east of Lordenshaw

Scheduled Date: 28 November 1932

Last Amended: 14 December 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017198

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32727

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Hollinghill

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Upper Coquetdale

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date,
situated on the summit of the ridge known as Garleigh Hill where it commands
extensive views in all directions. The round cairn is part of a wider group of
prehistoric monuments including cairns and cup marked rocks which are the
subject of separate schedulings.
The round cairn is visible as a spread of stones 11m in diameter and stands to
a maximum height of 0.3m. In the south western part of the cairn there is a
large stone slab interpreted as the remains of a cover for a stone coffin or
cist. Several other stone features on the hilltop are considered to be recent
in date and have been constructed from material robbed from the upper surface
of the round cairn.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite the fact that the upper parts have been robbed of stone, the round
cairn on Garleigh Hill retains significant archaeological deposits. Taken
together with the remains of further round cairns on the moorland to the west
it will contribute to our understanding of Bronze Age settlement and activity
in the area.

Source: Historic England


NZ09NE 03,

Source: Historic England

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