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Two round cairns 590m and 610m east of Burn Brae

A Scheduled Monument in Whitton and Tosson, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.2936 / 55°17'37"N

Longitude: -1.9079 / 1°54'28"W

OS Eastings: 405948.55047

OS Northings: 599949.161685

OS Grid: NZ059999

Mapcode National: GBR H737.R6

Mapcode Global: WHB0X.N6PN

Entry Name: Two round cairns 590m and 610m east of Burn Brae

Scheduled Date: 14 March 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017197

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32725

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Whitton and Tosson

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Upper Coquetdale

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of two round cairns of Bronze Age date,
situated on level ground on the right bank of the Whitton Burn. The monument
is contained within two separate areas of protection. The round cairns are
part of a larger grouping of cairns, cup marked rocks, a standing stone and
a medieval sheep farm which are the subjects of separate schedulings.
The most southerly of the two cairns measures 11m in diameter and stands to a
maximum height of 13m. At the centre of the cairn there is a large hollow, the
remains of partial excavation during the 19th century. The second, and most
northerly cairn, which lies 22m NNE of the first, is 9.5m in diameter and
stands to a maximum height of 1m. Several large stones set into the perimeter
of the cairn are interpreted as the remains of a retaining circle.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The round cairns 590m and 610m east of Burn Brae survive well and retain
significant archaeological deposits. They form part of a wider grouping of
prehistoric monuments and will contribute to our knowledge of Bronze Age
funerary and ritual activity in the area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
NZ09NE 17,

Source: Historic England

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