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Moated manorial complex and church site 230m south east of All Saints' Church

A Scheduled Monument in Wragby, Lincolnshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2845 / 53°17'4"N

Longitude: -0.2986 / 0°17'55"W

OS Eastings: 513523.306648

OS Northings: 377745.935512

OS Grid: TF135777

Mapcode National: GBR VZCG.49

Mapcode Global: WHHK1.DP1W

Entry Name: Moated manorial complex and church site 230m south east of All Saints' Church

Scheduled Date: 13 January 1970

Last Amended: 27 September 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016967

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31624

County: Lincolnshire

Civil Parish: Wragby

Built-Up Area: Wragby

Traditional County: Lincolnshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lincolnshire

Church of England Parish: Wragby All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Lincoln

Details

The monument includes the remains of a medieval manorial complex with
associated church and churchyard located 230m south east of the present All
Saints' Church. In 1086 there were two manors at Wragby in the possession of
Erenis of Buron and Waldin the Artificer. The surviving remains are thought to
represent the manor held by Erenis of Buron which included responsibility for
a church and a priest and was the centre of a substantial estate. For much of
the later medieval period it was held by the de Roos family and is thought to
have been abandoned by the end of the 15th century. The former parish church
of All Saints, which stood adjacent to the moated site, is believed to have
dated from the 12th century. The church was largely dismantled in the mid-19th
century when the present All Saints' Church was built 300m to the north west.

The monument takes the form of two moated islands and associated ditched
enclosures, known as `Rout Yard', together with the buried remains of the
former church and churchyard. The islands lie adjacent to each other on a
north-south alignment and are roughly rectangular in plan standing
approximately 2m above the surrounding ground level. The northern island
measures 60m by 40m, and the southern island measures 50m by 40m. The southern
moat arm of the southern island is lined by an internal bank with a roughly
square embanked enclosure, measuring 6m in width, at the south eastern corner
of the island thought to represent a building platform. The islands are
enclosed by a broad, dry moat measuring 10m to 12m in width and up to 1m in
depth. An infilled section of the eastern moat arm provided a causeway onto
the southern island with the remains of a hollow way running eastward from it
and is thought to represent the location of an original access point. The
northern moat arm and part of the eastern moat arm are lined by an external
bank which terminates at the causeway.

Two ditches are linked to the north west corner of the moat. One curves round
to the north east and defines the northern edge of an enclosed area on the
north side of the moat with low banks indicating the eastern edge of the
enclosure; low earthworks and hollows are visible within the enclosure, which
is thought to represent a paddock or yard associated with the manor house. The
other ditch, shown on early maps and now visible as a shallow depression,
leads to the north west where it is thought to represent the remains of
another enclosure. A shallow hollow leading eastward from the south east
corner of the moat is thought to have provided an outlet channel.

The site of the medieval church and churchyard associated with the manorial
complex lies immediately to the south east of the moated islands. The
churchyard is subrectangular in plan, measuring 60m by 55m, and is enclosed by
shallow ditches to the north, east, and south. At the centre of the enclosure
are the buried remains of the former church of All Saints. The church measured
25m in length and 8.8m wide. Elements of the nave, north aisle, arcade, and
chancel dated from the 12th and 13th centuries, with a tower dating from the
15th century and a 16th century south porch. Alterations were made during the
18th century when the chancel was rebuilt. The church was dismantled in 1836
when a new church was established closer to the modern village centre. The
18th century brick-built chancel was retained, as a cemetery chapel, until the
1980s when it too was demolished.

All fences and telegraph poles are excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Parish churches were designed for congregational worship and are generally
divided into two main parts: the nave which provides accommodation for the
laity, and the chancel, which is the main domain of the priest and contains
the principal altar. Either or both parts are sometimes provided with aisles,
giving additional accommodation or spaces for additional altars. The main
periods of parish church foundation were in the 10th to 11th and 19th
centuries. Most medieval churches were rebuilt and modified on a number of
occasions, and hence the fabric of the church will be of several different
dates. Parish churches have always been major features of the landscape and a
major focus of life for their parishioners. They provide important insights
into medieval and later population levels or economic cycles, and religious
activity.

The remains of the medieval moated manorial complex and associated church at
Wragby survive well as a series of earthworks and buried deposits. As a result
of documentary research and archaeological survey the remains are quite well
understood. The artificially raised ground will preserve evidence of land use
prior to the construction of the monument, while overlying deposits will
contribute to an understanding of domestic and economic activity on the site
throughout the medieval period. The buried remains of the church will preserve
evidence for its construction and use over at least 700 years, and the
churchyard will retain unique evidence for a human population extending over
the same period. The association of the church and manor remains provides a
rare opportunity to study the inter-relationship of important components of
the medieval landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Morgan, P, Thorn, C, Domesday Book, (1986)
Morgan, P, Thorn, C, Lincolnshire Domesday Book, (1986)
White, A J, Everson, P, Field, F N, 'Lincolnshire History and Archaeology' in The Moated Site, Churches, And Hedgerow Survey At Wragby, , Vol. 16, (1981), 19-22
White, A J, Everson, P, Field, F N, 'Lincolnshire History and Archaeology' in The Moated Site, Churches, And Hedgerow Survey At Wragby, , Vol. 16, (1981), 19-22
White, A J, Everson, P, Field, F N, 'Lincolnshire History and Archaeology' in The Moated Site, Churches, And Hedgerow Survey At Wragby, , Vol. 16, (1981), 19-22
Other
Lincolnshire SMR, Li 43631, (1997)
NMR, 351496, (1998)

Source: Historic England

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