Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Moated site 500m south east of Creamore Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Wem Rural, Shropshire

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Latitude: 52.8702 / 52°52'12"N

Longitude: -2.7123 / 2°42'44"W

OS Eastings: 352151.243073

OS Northings: 330540.469924

OS Grid: SJ521305

Mapcode National: GBR 7K.R7P0

Mapcode Global: WH8B2.93PZ

Entry Name: Moated site 500m south east of Creamore Cottage

Scheduled Date: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016827

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32300

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Wem Rural

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Edstaston St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated
site situated on level ground which slopes gently away to the east.
The moat arms, which retain water, are about 10m wide. The moat defines a
roughly square island that measures about 36m by 40m. Material excavated from
the moat was used to raise the surface of the island by about 0.5m above the
level of the surrounding land.
All modern field boundaries, fences and gates are excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath all these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 500m south east of Creamore Cottage is a well-preserved
example of this class of monument. The moat island will retain structural
and artefactual evidence for the buildings that once stood on the site which
together with the artefacts and organic remains existing in the moat, will
provide valuable evidence about the occupation and social status of its
inhabitants. Organic remains surviving in the buried ground surface under the
raised interior of the moated site and in the moat itself will also provide
information about changes in the local environment and land use before and
after the moated site was constructed.

Source: Historic England

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