Ancient Monuments

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Gallows Hill round barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Nafferton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0594 / 54°3'33"N

Longitude: -0.4008 / 0°24'2"W

OS Eastings: 504774.146002

OS Northings: 463790.97885

OS Grid: TA047637

Mapcode National: GBR TPNH.0K

Mapcode Global: WHGD5.T7B9

Entry Name: Gallows Hill round barrow

Scheduled Date: 23 January 1963

Last Amended: 24 September 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016737

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33581

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Nafferton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kilham All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Bronze Age round barrow, located 800m
north east of Pockthorpe Hall.
Reputed to be the site of a gallows in the 14th century, the round barrow was
excavated in 1958 by Messrs C and E Grantham and found to cover two graves,
one with a food vessel. Within the body of the mound, which in 1958 was
already plough damaged, a number of flint implements and beaker shards were
found along with two cremation burials, one with a second food vessel. The
barrow was found to be ditched and to be surrounded by a number of shallow
medieval graves which were presumed to relate to the use of the barrow as the
site of a gallows. The area has remained under cultivation since then and was
recorded as being one foot high and 90 feet in diameter in 1967. The mound has
since been reduced to a slight rise of no more than 0.2m high and 6m in
diameter.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Gallows Hill round barrow survives reasonably well despite partial excavation
and plough damage. It will retain significant information on its use and
history.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SMR, 4025,

Source: Historic England

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