Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 200m south of Leedown Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Berrynarbor, Devon

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Latitude: 51.1805 / 51°10'49"N

Longitude: -3.9998 / 3°59'59"W

OS Eastings: 260314.84773

OS Northings: 144263.911178

OS Grid: SS603442

Mapcode National: GBR KT.5VZD

Mapcode Global: VH4MD.ML9D

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 200m south of Leedown Cottage

Scheduled Date: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016653

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32213

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Berrynarbor

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Berrynarbor St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument includes a bowl barrow on a prominent upland ridge overlooking
the valley of a tributary to the River Yeo. It is one of a dispersed group
recorded in this area. The monument survives as a circular mound which
measures 10.6m in diameter and 0.6m high. The surrounding ditch from which
material to construct the mound was derived is partially visible to the north
and south as a flattened area up to 1m wide, elsewhere it survives as a buried
feature. The south western quadrant of the mound shows evidence of excavation
by a 2.4m long, 1.8m wide and 0.2m deep trench.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite evidence for partial excavation and the reduction in its height
through cultivation, the bowl barrow 200m south of Leedown Cottage survives
comparatively well, in a prominent location, as part of a dispersed group. It
will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and its surrounding landscape.

Source: Historic England


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS64SW22, (1972)

Source: Historic England

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