Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 830m north east of Combend Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Elkstone, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.8031 / 51°48'11"N

Longitude: -2.0392 / 2°2'21"W

OS Eastings: 397394.322692

OS Northings: 211608.06567

OS Grid: SO973116

Mapcode National: GBR 2NC.TJ7

Mapcode Global: VHB23.LYT3

Entry Name: Round barrow 830m north east of Combend Farm

Scheduled Date: 30 August 1948

Last Amended: 19 March 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016503

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31934

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Elkstone

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Elkstone St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a round barrow set just below the crest of a hill, about
500m to the north of the road to Combend Manor. The barrow mound measures 35m
in diameter and is 4m high. The mound is surrounded by a ditch which has been
infilled over the years and can no longer be seen at ground level. It will,
however, survive as a buried feature about 4m wide. There is no evidence that
the barrow has been excavated in the past.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The barrow 830m north east of Combend Farm survives well as an impressive
mound despite limited peripheral plough damage. The barrow mound will contain
evidence for primary and secondary burials, along wth grave goods, which will
provide information about the nature of prehistoric burial rituals. It will
also preserve part of the original ground surface, predating the construction
of the barrow. The mound and surrounding ditch will also contain environmental
evidence in the form of orgainic remains, which will relate both to the barrow
and the landscape within which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 113

Source: Historic England

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