Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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White Lyne round cairn 60m NNW of confluence of Gate Grain and White Lyne

A Scheduled Monument in Bewcastle, Cumbria

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Latitude: 55.1219 / 55°7'18"N

Longitude: -2.656 / 2°39'21"W

OS Eastings: 358260.187541

OS Northings: 581029.206768

OS Grid: NY582810

Mapcode National: GBR 99W6.SR

Mapcode Global: WH906.5JHB

Entry Name: White Lyne round cairn 60m NNW of confluence of Gate Grain and White Lyne

Scheduled Date: 22 December 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016396

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27797

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Bewcastle

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Bewcastle St Cuthbert

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument includes White Lyne round cairn located 60m NNW of the confluence
of Gate Grain and White Lyne. It includes a heather covered circular mound of
stones measuring 7m in diameter and up to 0.8m high. Unrecorded disturbance at
the centre of the cairn has revealed a rectangular flat stone slab measuring
approximately 0.6m by 0.5m identified as the cist cover which would have
originally covered a burial.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite unrecorded limited disturbance to the centre of the monument, White
Lyne round cairn survives reasonably well and will contain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.
The cairn lies close to other prehistoric monuments around Bewcastle, thus
indicating the importance of this area in prehistoric times and the diversity
of monument classes to be found here.

Source: Historic England


Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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