Ancient Monuments

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Wickham Bushes Romano-British settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Crowthorne, Bracknell Forest

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Latitude: 51.3764 / 51°22'34"N

Longitude: -0.7591 / 0°45'32"W

OS Eastings: 486464.887588

OS Northings: 164875.398974

OS Grid: SU864648

Mapcode National: GBR D87.LWT

Mapcode Global: VHDX9.SNKR

Entry Name: Wickham Bushes Romano-British settlement

Scheduled Date: 4 July 1975

Last Amended: 24 October 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016330

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28176

County: Bracknell Forest

Civil Parish: Crowthorne

Built-Up Area: Crowthorne

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Easthampstead

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes the buried remains of a small linear Roman settlement or
town which was established along a minor road running from the main London to
Silchester road which is situated less that 400m to the south.
A series of archaeological excavations and survey work has demonstrated that
the settlement was occupied throughout the Roman period and included a mixture
of dwellings, agricultural structures and small semi-industrial workshops. The
buried remains of a number of large, multi-roomed buildings with tiled roofs
have been identified. These were first built in the years immediately
following the Roman invasion of AD 43 and the building of the main road. It is
likely that the settlement expanded because of its association with trade
along the road, and it may have had an official mansio building where
messengers and imperial officials could stop to rest or change horses. Large
quantities of pottery, a brooch and other artefacts suggest a series of
successive phases of occupation well into the 4th century AD.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Romano-British aggregate villages are nucleated settlements formed by groups
of five or more subsistence level farmsteads enclosed either indivdually or
collectively, or with no formal boundary. Most enclosures, where they occur,
are formed by curvilinear walls or banks, sometimes surrounded by ditches, and
the dwellings are usually associated with pits, stock enclosures, cultivation
plots and field systems, indicating a mixed farming economy. In use throughout
the Roman period (c.43-450 AD), they often occupied sites of earlier
agricultural settlements.
Romano-British aggregate villages are a very rare monument type with examples
recorded in the north of England and on the chalk downlands of Wessex and
Sussex. Their degree of survival will depend upon the intensity of subsequent
land use. In view of their rarity, all positively identified examples with
surviving remains are considered to merit protection.

The Romano-British settlement in Wickham Bushes is known from part excavation
and surface finds to cover a large area which has remained undisturbed by
development since the Roman period. As a result, well preserved archaeological
deposits will contain structural, artefactual and environmental evidence for
its construction, occupation and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England


PRN 00412.00.000, SMRO, Road, Loop, (1983)
S.M.R.O., Wickham Bushes Romano-British Settlement, (1983)
S.M.R.O., Wickham Bushes Romano-British Settlement, (1983)

Source: Historic England

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