Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 425m north west of Rushwood Hall

A Scheduled Monument in East Tanfield, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2031 / 54°12'11"N

Longitude: -1.5508 / 1°33'2"W

OS Eastings: 429397.361054

OS Northings: 478686.51033

OS Grid: SE293786

Mapcode National: GBR KMMV.12

Mapcode Global: WHC7G.4MS6

Entry Name: Round barrow 425m north west of Rushwood Hall

Scheduled Date: 22 April 1977

Last Amended: 24 September 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016262

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29509

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: East Tanfield

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument includes a round barrow situated in the Vale of Mowbray.
Although reduced by agricultural activity, the barrow survives as low circular
mound 0.3m high and 30m in diameter. The barrow mound was originally
surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide, but the ditch has been buried by soil
spread from the mound and is no longer visible as an earthwork.
A gravel track crosses the south east of the monument. The surface of the
track is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited disturbance this barrow has survived well. Significant
information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed
within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive
beneath the barrow mound.
The barrow lies in close proximity to the major prehistoric ritual monument at
Thornborough which dates to the Neolithic period and includes three henges,
a cursus and a pit alignment. The relationship between the ritual monument and
the barrow offers important information for understanding the development and
nature of ritual and funerary practices through the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Society' in Bowl Barrows on Thornborough and Hutton Moors, , Vol. VOL 38, (1955), 442

Source: Historic England

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