Ancient Monuments

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Lenwood bowl barrow, 50m south east of Lenwood Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Northam, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0314 / 51°1'53"N

Longitude: -4.2245 / 4°13'28"W

OS Eastings: 244115.160876

OS Northings: 128136.96891

OS Grid: SS441281

Mapcode National: GBR KH.HCND

Mapcode Global: FRA 261D.81C

Entry Name: Lenwood bowl barrow, 50m south east of Lenwood Cottage

Scheduled Date: 1 February 1953

Last Amended: 24 October 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016212

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30315

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Northam

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Northam St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated in an elevated
position with commanding views over Bideford. The barrow survives as a 24m
diameter circular mound standing up to 1.2m high. On the summit of the mound a
circular bank has been constructed which has an internal diameter of 7.6m and
measures up to 3.2m wide by 0.7m high externally and 0.3m high internally. It
is possible that the bank was constructed to support a stand of conifers. The
ditch which surrounds the mound from which material for its construction was
derived is preserved as a 2m wide buried feature. On the southern side a
flattened area up to 2.9m wide confirms the presence of the ditch.
A small electricity pylon which cuts into the edge of the surrounding ditch is
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Lenwood bowl barrow survives comparatively well and contains archaeological
and environmental information relating to the monument and its surrounding
landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS42NW3,

Source: Historic England

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