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Cairn 500m north of The Old Lighthouse, Lundy

A Scheduled Monument in Area not comprised in any Parish-Lundy Island, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1718 / 51°10'18"N

Longitude: -4.6729 / 4°40'22"W

OS Eastings: 213238.716914

OS Northings: 144786.404255

OS Grid: SS132447

Mapcode National: GBR GTVL.D7Z

Mapcode Global: VH2S3.YTG3

Entry Name: Cairn 500m north of The Old Lighthouse, Lundy

Scheduled Date: 10 June 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016010

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27629

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Area not comprised in any Parish-Lundy Island

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Lundy

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a round cairn on Ackland Moor, 500m north of The Old
Lighthouse. The cairn is built of small and medium sized stones and is
approximately 12m in diameter. There is a hollow in the centre, possibly from
an excavation, although no records of this survive. Two large stones in this
hollow may be the remains of a cist grave from the burial mound.
On the south west side the cairn has been clipped by a shallow quarry pit.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of
Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide
and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and
tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from
parts of south west England and south Wales.
Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road)
its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has
meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore
preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory
(c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification,
farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters
surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the
island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and
1990s.
Cairns are funerary monuments found typically on the upland moors of south
west England, northern Britain and Wales. They generally have mounds of earth
and small stones covering one or more burials which associated artefacts have
identified as being of Bronze Age date (2000-700 BC). Cairns are often
conspicuously sited and may be found close to other contemporary monument
classes, such as standing stones.
The cairns on Lundy together constitute an especially important group. They
survive in a landscape which has been little altered since prehistoric times
and they can therefore be clearly seen and understood in terms of the
topographic setting in which they were built.

This cairn survives well despite part excavation in antiquity. The large
stones in the centre of the mound are most probably part of a burial cist, and
both this and the surrounding cairn will provide evidence for the construction
and use of the monument, as well as environmental conditions prevalent at the
time.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
The National Trust Archaeological Survey, (1989), 72

Source: Historic England

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