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Standing stone and cairn 310m north of The Old Lighthouse, Lundy

A Scheduled Monument in Area not comprised in any Parish-Lundy Island, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1701 / 51°10'12"N

Longitude: -4.6727 / 4°40'21"W

OS Eastings: 213247.18176

OS Northings: 144603.989228

OS Grid: SS132446

Mapcode National: GBR GTVL.DD0

Mapcode Global: VH2S3.YVLC

Entry Name: Standing stone and cairn 310m north of The Old Lighthouse, Lundy

Scheduled Date: 10 June 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015933

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27627

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Area not comprised in any Parish-Lundy Island

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Lundy

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a standing stone which has been incorporated into the
structure of a cairn on Acklands Moor 310m north of The Old Lighthouse, Lundy.
The cairn survives as a low mound about 3m across and 0.3m high. Within this,
and on its southern side is the standing stone which measures 1.4m high, 2.2m
wide and 0.6m thick. It is oriented north to south. In common with other such
stones on Lundy, it is not earthfast but held in position by small stones
packed around and under the base.
Immediately to the west of the standing stone is a second stone whose
situation suggests that it forms one of the uprights to support a capstone for
a cist burial within the cairn. The capstone is probably the large flat stone
lying on the south edge of the cairn.
The stone is one of a group of nine standing stones recorded on Lundy, all
in the southern part of the island.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of
Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide
and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and
tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from
parts of south west England and south Wales.
Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road)
its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has
meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore
preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory
(c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification,
farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters
surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the
island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and
1990s.
Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates
ranging from the late Neolithic period to the end of the Bronze Age. They are
often (as on Lundy) conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary
monument classes; many, for example, are found on the edge of round cairns and
barrows. Nine standing stones are recorded on Lundy, all believed to be still
in their original positions and constituting an important group. Their
survival in an environment virtually unchanged from prehistoric times means
that they can be clearly seen in terms of the topographic setting in which
they were constructed. A study of this group of stones concluded that,
together, they represent evidence of a solar calender.

Round cairns are burial mounds found typically on upland moors in south west
England and Wales. They are often mounds of earth and small stones and may
cover one or more burials. They are generally dated to the Bronze Age (c.
2000-700 BC).
The standing stone and cairn survive well despite evidence for some damage in
antiquity. The stone, in common with most of the stones on Lundy, is not
earthfast but supported by a packing of small stones beneath and around the
base. The stone and its surrounding soil will provide evidence for the
construction and use of the monument, and of environmental conditions
prevalent at the time.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Farrah, R W E, The Megalithic Astronomy of Lundy, (1991), 58
Gardner, K, The Archaeology of Lundy, (1972)
Gardner, K, The Archaeology of Lundy, (1972)
Other
Thackray, C, The National Trust Archaeological Survey, (1989)
Title: National Trust Archaeological Survey
Source Date: 1989
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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