Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 830m south east of Crofton Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Grafton, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.357 / 51°21'25"N

Longitude: -1.6166 / 1°36'59"W

OS Eastings: 426791.594831

OS Northings: 162063.570907

OS Grid: SU267620

Mapcode National: GBR 5ZB.S4C

Mapcode Global: VHC23.X5Q1

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 830m south east of Crofton Farm

Scheduled Date: 28 February 1957

Last Amended: 26 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015784

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30452

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Grafton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


The monument includes a bowl barrow set in an area of chalk downland. The
barrow mound was recorded as being 55m wide and c.2m high with a wide quarry
ditch in 1955. It now survives as a low earthwork 50m across and 1m high at
its highest point. Although no longer visible at ground level, the c.3m wide
ditch will survive as buried remains. An earlier, Neolithic, monument known
as the Crofton causwayed enclosure lies a short distance to the north west of
this barrow.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 830m south east of Crofton Farm survives comparatively well as
a large example of its class, despite having been reduced by cultivation over
the years. Buried remains contained within the monument will provide evidence
for this monument's construction and use.

Source: Historic England

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